• CCI AD FROM 5th April 2021

Turkey

TURKEY – STEADILY INCREASING EXPORTS OF INDIAN MMF TEXTILES

Turkey is one of the leading markets for Indian Man-Made Fibre Textiles. The exports to this market have been growing steadily and reached a level of 19% during 2013-14 and this trend has continued in the current year. It is expected that exports will show a higher growth in 2014-15.

GROWING TEXTILE MARKET

Turkey is a major supplier of Ready-made garments to the European countries. Despite the country domestically produces raw-materials and intermediaries like fibre, yarn and fabrics for its flourishing garmenting sector, these are inadequate and hence it imports substantial quantity of these textile material. Thereby, offering big scope for sourcing yarns and fabrics from India. Turkey’s total import of Textile and Clothing from World was over nearly US$ 12 billion in 2013. Its global import of textiles also was about US$ 10 billion during 2013 in which around 56% (US$ 6 billion) was of man-made fibre textiles. However, India’s share in Turkish total import of Man-made fibre textiles during 2013 was around US$ 557 million accounting for 9%. Hence, there is further scope for increasing exports of Indian MMF textiles to Turkey.  Product share in the export basket of Indian MMF textiles to Turkey was Yarn 71%, fibre 18%, fabrics 5% and Made-ups 6%. Main countries which supplied MMF textiles to Turkey were China, India, Indonesia, Korea Rep. Malaysia, Germany, etc.

IMPORT OF TEXTILE AND CLOTHING

Value in USD MN

Chapter

Product Description

Import from World during 2013

Import from India during 2013

% Share of India

50

Silk

44.19

1.86

4.22

51

Wool, animal hair, horsehair yarn and fabric thereof

355.82

1.10

0.31

52

Cotton

2989.19

127.93

4.28

53

Vegetable textile fibres nes, paper yarn, woven fabric

262.62

3.16

1.20

54

Manmade filaments

2089.76

281.09

13.45

55

Manmade staple fibres

2175.30

245.12

11.27

56

Wadding, felt, nonwovens, yarns, twine, cordage, etc

391.70

24.96

6.37

57

Carpets and other textile floor coverings

184.56

56.38

30.55

58

Special woven or tufted fabric, lace, tapestry etc

200.29

10.42

5.20

59

Impregnated, coated or laminated textile fabric

345.98

0.90

0.26

60

Knitted or crocheted fabric

446.66

0.33

0.07

61

Articles of apparel, accessories, knit or crochet

941.23

30.09

3.20

62

Articles of apparel, accessories, not knit or crochet

1862.91

70.99

3.81

63

Other made textile articles, sets, worn clothing etc

167.26

13.29

7.95

 

Total

12457.45

867.63

6.96

Source: UN COMTRADE

IMPORT DUTY STRUCTURE OF TURKEY

Turkey’s import Tariffs (percent ad valorem) for Textiles and Apparel are as follows:

Product

HS Chapter/Subheading

Tariff Rate Range (%)

Fibre/Yarn

-silk

5003-5006

0 - 5

-wool

5105-5110

2 - 5

-cotton

5204-5207

4 – 5

-other vegetable fiber

5306-5308

0 – 5

-man-made fiber/Yarn

5401-5406/5501-5511

3.8 - 5

Woven Fabric

-silk

5007

3 - 7.5

-wool

5111-5113

5.3 – 8

-cotton

5208-5212

8

-other vegetable fiber

5309-5311

4 - 8

-man-made fiber

5407-5408/5512-5516

8

Knit Fabric

60

6.5 - 8

Non Woven Fabric

5603

4.3

Industrial Fabric

59

4 - 8

Apparel

61-62

6.3 – 12

Home Furnishings

63

0 – 12

including: bed, bath, kitchen linens, etc.

Carpet

57

3 - 8

Additional Import Taxes and Fees

Customs surcharges including a VAT (value added tax) are levied on most imported, as well as domestic, goods including textiles. The importer is responsible for paying the VAT.  The VAT is calculated on a C.I.F. basis plus duty rate and any other applicable charges levied before the goods cleared at customs. A reduced VAT rate of 8% is applied on contract manufacturing for textile and ready-to-wear works.

Temporary Entry/Samples

Samples of no commercial value are admitted duty-free. Other samples are assessed duties and taxes at the time of import, but these are refunded if the samples are re-exported within six months from the date of import.

Major Countries exporting Man-Made filament products cover under Chapter 54 to Turkey

Country

Export during 2013 (in USD Mn

World

2089.76

China

528.36

Indonesia

303.02

India

332.42

Vietnam

168.67

Korea Rep

134.84

Malaysia

108.43

Italy

78.91

Egypt

66.12

Germany

51.93

U.K.

13.99

Spain

30.38

Major Import of textile products made out of Man-made filament (covers under chapter 54) by Turkey

HS Code

Product label

Import during 2013 (In US$ Mn)

540233

Textured yarn nes,of polyester filaments,not put up for retail sale

594.478

540247

Filament yarn of polyester, incl. monofilament of < 67 decitex, single

244.195

540761

Woven fabric >85% non-textured polyester filaments

201.585

540246

Filament yarn of polyester, incl. monofilament of < 67 decitex, single

143.654

540244

Synthetic filament elastomeric yarn, single, untwisted or with a twist

120.229

540751

Woven fabrics,>/=85% of textured polyester filaments, unbl or bl, nes

85.878

540752

Woven fabrics,>/=85% of textured polyester filaments, dyed, nes

74.046

540231

Texturd yarn nes,of nylon/oth polyamides fi,<=50tex/s.y.,not put up

60.653

540245

Filament yarn of nylon or other polyamides, incl. monofilament of < 67

60.403

540252

Yarn of polyester filaments, single, >50 turns per metre, not put up

45.813

540220

High tenacity yarn (o/t sewg thread),of polyester filaments,not put up

44.242

540262

Yarn of polyester filaments, multiple, nes, not put up

41.977

540331

Yarn of viscose rayon filaments, single, untwisted, nes, not put up

40.494

540769

Woven fabric >85% polyester filaments, nes

36.423

540822

Woven fab,>/=85% of artificial fi or strip of art tex mat,dyed,nes

32.173

540490

Strip&the like of syn tex material of an apparent width nt exceedg 5mm

27.33

540232

Texturd yarn nes,of nylon/oth polyamides fi,>50 tex/s.y.,not put up

19.745

540219

High-tenacity filament yarn of nylon or other polyamides (excl. sewing

16.975

540720

Woven fab obtaind from strip/the like of synthetic textile materials

16.965

Turkey currently imports a significant amount of MMF yarn from India and the major varieties are yarns, Polyester Filament Yarn, Synthetic Filament yarn, Polyester Viscose Yarn, etc. India’s main competitors in exports of yarns to Turkey are China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Korea Rep and Malaysia.

Major Countries exporting Man-Made Staple Fibre products cover under Chapter 55 to Turkey

Country

Export during 2013  Value in USD Mn

World

2175.298

Indonesia

283.003

India

240.814

China

238.324

Vietnam

200.916

Germany

95.657

Malaysia

93.303

Austria

91.649

Italy

76.49

Thailand

59.171

Egypt

39.077

USA

20.58

Main Man-made Staple Fibre covered under chapter 55 imported by Turkey

HS Code

Product label

Import during 2013                (In US$ 000)

550410

Staple fibres of viscose, not carded or combed

478.528

550320

Staple fibres of polyesters, not carded or combed

201.411

550951

Yarn of polyester staple fibres mixd w/ arti staple fib,not put up,nes

163.127

551011

Yarn,>/=85% of artificial staple fibres, single, not put up

145.043

550130

Filament tow of acrylic or modacrylic

131.477

550330

Staple fibres of acrylic or modacrylic, not carded or combed

122.997

550921

Yarn,>/=85% of polyester staple fibres, single, not put up

107.572

550200

Artificial filament tow

98.798

551611

Woven fabrics,containg>/=85% of artificial staple fibres,unbleached/bl

88.462

550953

Yarn of polyester staple fibres mixed with cotton, not put up, nes

69.75

551511

Woven fab of polyester staple fib mixd w viscose rayon staple fib,nes

67.125

550810

Sewing thread of synthetic staple fibres

50.858

551512

Woven fabrics of polyester staple fibres mixd w man-made filaments,nes

49.344

550922

Yarn,>/=85% of polyester staple fibres, multiple, not put up, nes

48.552

551311

Plain weave polyest stapl fib fab,<85%,mixd w/cottn,<=170g/m2,unbl/bl

47.231

550490

Artificial staple fibres, o/t viscose, not carded or combed

34.393

550961

Yarn of acrylic staple fib mixd w wool/fine animal hair,not put up,nes

26.122

551030

Yarn of artificial staple fibres mixed with cotton, not put up, nes

19.261

550610

Staple fibres of nylon or other polyamides, carded or combed

15.339

551012

Yarn,>/=85% of artificial staple fibres, multiple, not put up, nes

14.293

550952

Yarn of polyester staple fib mixd w wool/fine animl hair,nt put up,nes

13.856

Source: UN COMTRADE

Viscose Staple Fibre was one of the major MMF textile products  imported by Turkey during 2013 followed by Polyester staple fibre and yarn of Polyester staple fibre, etc.

INDIAN MMF TEXTILES EXPORT TO TURKEY

Turkey is a potential market for Indian MMF textiles as per the statistics given below:

Value in USD MN

 

Fabrics

Made-ups

Yarn

Fibre

Total

% Gr/Dec

2009-2010

18.85

5.27

142.95

66.55

233.62

 

2010-2011

22.64

8.55

231.77

61.08

324.04

38.7

2011-2012

14.28

7.73

339.15

94.08

455.24

40.49

2012-2013

8.63

9.04

352.94

95.81

466.42

2.46

2013-2014

26.38

32.75

400.94

96.8

556.87

19.39

Source : DGCI&S

India's main Items of export to Turkey during 2013-14

Fabrics       Polyester Filament Fabrics, Synthetic Filament Fabrics, Polyester Blended Fabrics, Polyester Viscose Fabrics                   Polyester Spun Fabrics

Made-ups    Muffler, Other Made-up, Shawls/Scarves                     

                   Blanket, Motifs                                                    

Yarn            Polyester Filament Yarn, Polyester Viscose Yarn                     

                   Polyester Spun Yarn, Polyester Cotton Yarn                           

                   Nylon Spun Yarn                    

Fibre           Viscose Staple Fibre, Polyester Staple Fibre

SRTEPC PROMOTIONAL PROGRAMME

The Council, as part of its Promotional Programmes had organized successful Events/Exhibitions in Turkey in recent past with encouraging results.  This time also the Council is planning to organize an exclusive Indian Textile Exhibition in Turkey during February 2015. The Council would like to organize this proposed Event in association with leading Business Chamber in Turkey with active support from Indian Embassy and the Consulate General of India. The Council requests all its member-exporters to participate in the Event massively and take advantage of the same

OPPORTUNITIES

Exports of Synthetic and Rayon textiles to Turkey were valued USD 556.87 Mn during 2013-14, registering a growth of 19% as compared to the previous year.

Yarn constitutes 71% of the total exports followed by fabrics 5%, Made-ups 6% and fibre 18%.

In the Yarn segment Polyester Filament Yarn, Polyester Viscose Yarn and Polyester Spun Yarn etc. were the main products exported to Turkey during 2013-14. However, there exist ample opportunities for increasing export of MMF textiles to Turkey. Since currently India’s share is below 10% of Turkey’s total import of these textiles from the World.